Lorraine Caplan Certified Educator Being a citizen implies rights and responsibilities, whether you are a citizen of the world, your country, your state, your community, or your family. The rights and responsibilities are different for each "community" you belong to, but no matter which community you belong to as a citizen, you have the right to fully participate in that group, and you have the responsibility to participate fully, to be informed about that group, to care for the Being a citizen implies rights and responsibilities, whether you are a citizen of the world, your country, your state, your community, or your family.
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Many countries situated in Africa do receive substantial amount of foreign aids from other countries, international organisations and private philanthropists. Foreign aid is mainly provided in the forms of financial aid, technical support and food aid.
This essay critically analyses the topic of foreign aid in Africa. The essay starts with discussions of reasons and motives for foreign aid. This is followed by analysing the benefits of foreign aids. Moreover, the essay is concluded by discussing opposite viewpoint addressing the disadvantages of foreign aid to Africa.
Reasons and motives for foreign aid Generally, reasons for providing foreign aid can relate to humanitarian, political and economic motives Lancaster, Humanitarian motive is closely associated with moral or ethical responsibilities of rich individuals and countries to help poor individuals and countries.
Humanitarian motive for providing foreign aid is also associated with the notion of altruism, which stresses the moral obligation of each individual to help other individuals Moyo, Moreover, ulitarilism, as an extreme version of altruism dictates that the moral standards of actions are determined by the levels of their capacity to provide benefits to all parties Lundsgaarde, Political motive, on the other hand, can be guided by strategic interests of developed countries in a way that foreign aid is provided in exchange for a support of a particular stand or initiatives.
The Marshall Plan initiative can be mentioned to illustrate the case of foreign aid guided by political motive, because this initiative has been developed in order to safeguard European countries from the influence of Communist USSR.
The relevance of political motive to the provision of foreign aid to Africa in particular can be specified as minimal because this point is barely addressed by media and individual writers and researchers.
The provision of foreign aid as economic self-interests can be facilitated mainly in two forms. Firstly, foreign aid can be provided in order to develop new markets to sell the products of developed countries.
The case study of Nestle Cerelac baby food can be mentioned to explain this point. Specifically, Nestle has been accused of inappropriate marketing practices in africa in a way that its Cerelac baby food products have been advertised as being more beneficial to babies compared to breastfeeding Baby Milk Action, Secondly, provision of foreign aid can be used as a means of disposing of surpluses.
Developed countries, as well as, many developing countries maintain certain amount of food surpluses to be consumed in times of natural catastrophes, environmental disasters etc. It is a common practice to send these surpluses as foreign aid to poor countries such as Uganda upon the approach of their expiry dates.
The benefits of foreign aids and level of dependency of Africa on foreign aid European Recovery Program, also known as The Marshall Plan is considered to be a major force behind the evolution of foreign aid towards its present form.
Due to the major positive impact associated with the implementation of The Marshall Plan officials in highly developed countries became convinced that the same strategy could be used to solve extreme poverty and other issues faced by countries in African continent.
These practices mainly consist of providing food or cash or reducing the levels of debts of countries involved.
Supporters of foreign aid to Africa in general, point to the developments associated with a range of specific programs and initiatives such as UN Millennium Project, Poverty Eradication Action Plan, and others.
Moreover, World Economic ForumAfrican Development Bank, World Food Programme and International Fund for Agriculture and Development are often credited for assisting in the development of overall infrastructure in Africa, and promoting economic growth through various aid programmes and a series of debt relief initiatives.
The positive impact of the UN Millennium Project to promote growth in Africa has been linked with tens of thousands of families using combinations of fertiliser trees, phosphorus, and biomass, construction of emergency obstetric care facilities for women, achieving the coordination of African AIDS Commission with partner agencies, and addressing the issue of female genital mutilation UN Millennium Project Report, Moreover, UN Millennium Project is credited for the development of financial instruments in order to protect farmers against price fluctuations and natural disasters.
The launch of Commission for Africa in by then Prime Minister Tony Blair in the UK has been perceived by some as indication of focused approach being adopted by highly developed countries in terms of assisting Africa with its severe problems. Comprising seventeen members in total and nine members from Africa, the Commission for Africa has aimed to propose a coherent package of initiatives to making Africa stronger and more prosperous.
Importantly, recommendations proposed by Commission for Africa have been discussed and taken into account in G8 meetings in Glenagles on July Global initiatives such as Live 8 charity concert organised by Irish pop star Sir Bob Geldof has involved more than musicians performing with the broadcasts on television networks and more than radio networks worldwide.
The success of Live 8 is linked to the fact that rather than asking individuals, organisations and countries for financial contribution in a direct manner, the initiative has aimed to increase the level of awareness of people towards the issues of poverty in general.
Provision of food aid to Africa and its advantages Provision of food aid to Africa is associated with a set of conflicting objectives such as the willingness of developed countries to dispose of expiring food surplus at the same time when implementing their foreign policy Branch, The benefits of food aid to Africa is obvious and they are related to providing resources free of charge, saving many human lives from famine, and a potential for achieving stabilisation of food supply and price.
At the same time, disadvantages of providing food as a foreign aid include formation or increasing level of dependency of receiver to this type of foreign aid and high costs associated with supply of food for donors.
Disadvantages of foreign aid to Africa: At the same time, critics of the UN Millennium Project point to the absence of specific and measurable criteria against which the success of the project could be evaluated. Critics argue that due to the foreign aid Africa is more indebted today than ever before.Being a citizen implies rights and responsibilities, whether you are a citizen of the world, your country, your state, your community, or your family.
Another important task you must do to become an active citizen is you must obey the laws the government has made and of course, vote!
Voting is a very important task that you should do when you reach the legal age. Your vote makes a big difference in your societies future.
A Great Role Model who was an Active Citizen: Susan B. Anthony is a great role model on being an Active Citizen. Active Citizenship Can Change Your Country Essay Sample Introduction Foreign aid can be defined as “any action by a government or citizen of one country, which helps to promote economic development in another country” (Kazimbazi and Alexander, , p.
28). A good essay on the changing role of citizenship must know loyal to introduction of a literature review example life and new. Yet Wilson gilt the duties, as well as the data, of scams.
Graph their system, the suggestions of the same levels of current would be minimal and. Apr 15, · Active citizenship can be as small as a campaign to clean up your street or as big as educating young people about democratic values, skills and participation.
Active citizenship is one of the most important steps towards healthy societies especially in new democracies like Hungary. Active citizenship can be as small as a campaign to clean up your street or as big as educating young people about democratic values, skills and participation.
Active citizenship is one of the most important steps towards healthy societies especially in new democracies like Hungary.