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That bloody conflict had seen stunning technical advances in naval design, but the nation was too exhausted from war, and too pre-occupied by Reconstruction and Westward expansion, to spend much money on naval technology.
While other nations around the world continued to experiment with iron and steel hulled armored ships, and improved steam engine technology, the once powerful U.
Navy was content with the undemanding mission of showing the flag in foreign ports. Very few new ships were constructed, and the soon antiquated Civil War fleet of gunboats and ironclads was held in reserve.
Click on the image for additional information, and to see the full newspaper cover. First Awkward Steps Towards Modernization It was not until the United States Navy had fallen dangerously behind the other nations of the world that attention turned to modernization.
Secretary of the Navy William Hunt wrote in that [t]he condition of the Navy imperatively demands the prompt and earnest attention of Congress. Unless some action be had in its behalf it must soon dwindle into insignificance.
Inlegislation was at last passed providing for the construction of new steel warships. These new ships — the first of which was commissioned in — were hybrids of old and new technology.
They featured hulls constructed of steel, and relatively powerful steam engines, but were also capable of operating under sail. Some officers of this period were skeptical about coal power. They felt it was dirty and unreliable, and more importantly that it was too expensive. They also felt that it diminished the teamwork built through manning a rigged sailing ship.
This watercolor painting shows several of the ABCD ships at sea under sail. The masts and sails of these cruisers were eventually removed, giving way to their powered steam engines. Soon enough, the desire to retain sails on these steel ships was gone, and the Navy fully committed to a future with steam power.
Despite the dominant position of the British Empire, and previous hostilities between the nations, the United States found a new enemy — Spain. BySpanish crackdowns on Cuban revolutionaries had led to sympathetic feelings by Americans.
Nearly sailors were killed, and the American media immediately blamed Spanish treachery. In late April, war broke out in the Caribbean and the Pacific. Such a far-flung conflict across the seas required a powerful navy, and the new Steel Navy did not disappoint.
Hundreds of Spanish sailors were killed, and all of their ships were sunk, grounded, or captured. The Americans had only one sailor killed between the two battles.
Dewey became a household name for leading the epic American victory at Manila. Naval construction, technology, and achievements were front page news during this period. America was at last taking her place among the great nations of the world, and the Navy was the tangible proof.
One man, more than any other, made his imprint on the Navy during this period — Theodore Roosevelt. Early in his life, he published definitive volumes on naval history. As president, he threw himself into the daily affairs of the Navy.
He pushed for aggressive construction programs, and went through six Secretaries of the Navy during his tenure in president. He is seen here addressing the crew of the battleship USS Connecticut, during his final week in office. The occasion — the return of the Great White Fleet from its circumnavigation of the globe.
The Great White Fleet At the dawn of the 20th century, naval power was the ultimate expression of national pride. Perhaps the single greatest expression of American naval power during this period was the world cruise of the Great White Fleet.
Authorized by President Roosevelt, against the wishes of Congress, 16 battleships of the United States Navy, led by their flagship, the USS Connecticut, spent over a year circling the globe.
In addition to its massive public relations value, it served the important purpose of allowing the fleet to train as a cohesive unit on extended operations at sea. As seen in this photo, they departed Hampton Roads on December 16,steaming past an exuberant Roosevelt on his presidential yacht, the USS Mayflower.
As they made their way south around South America, enormous crowds gathered to welcome the visually striking white and buff painted ships of the American fleet.
Soon, other port cities were clamoring for a stop. They had steamed nearly 45, miles, and visited 6 continents.
American naval prestige was soaring. The proud white American battleships, only a few years old, were already obsolete. This new warship was a stunning advance in naval technology.Mural in the Lobby of the Lorenzo de Zavala State Archives and Library Building, Artists: Peter Hurd and Peter Rogers.
Austin, Texas. Who & what is depicted in the mural? PART I. History of Britain's First Opium Wars. Introduction This is the setting for what follows below: narcotics are pouring in from abroad through a well-organized, efficient group of smugglers.
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Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, a digital asset designed to work as a medium of exchange that uses cryptography to control its creation and management, rather than relying on central authorities. The presumed pseudonymous Satoshi Nakamoto integrated many existing ideas from the cypherpunk community when creating bitcoin.
Over the course of bitcoin's history, it has undergone rapid .