Nigeria Table of Contents Gowon's influence depended upon his position as chairman of the Supreme Military Council, which had come into existence in March
Introduction Nigeria is one of the largestkm2 and geographically, socially and culturally most diversified African countries. It is the most populous country of Africa the population estimated at million inand potentially one of the richest.
Richly endowed with human and natural resources, benefiting of a large internal market, Nigeria is, however, highly dependant on external economic sector, particularly oil revenues 93 per cent of exports in The domestic industry is import dependant.
Rich resources, large internal market and human potentials did not prevent Nigeria from being a low income country with GDP per capita declining from about 1, US dollars in to about dollars in The world oil crisis, poor agricultural development, and internal civil war are usually cited as the main reasons for such an economic decline.
Nigeria became independent in The post-independence history of the country has been dominated by ethnic and regional antagonisms, and the interplay between military and civilian rule. The military take-over of government inthe civil war fromand the rule of military government from to alternated with the attempts to introduce civilian rule and democracy.
The civilian rule was introduced in the periodwhen it was interrupted by military coup. The preparations to introduce the civilian rule again, promised to be set-up in Octoberhave so far included the formation of political parties to contest elections, and the local and state government elections in Nigeria is in the process of socio-economic restructuring and adjustment.
The over-all situation of the majority of people remains of utmost concern: According to the Human Development Index, Nigeria ranks as th out of countries. Re-instating civilian rule through participatory politics and general elections, scheduled for Augustis regarded to be of paramount importance for the future of the nation.
The federal administrative structure is reflected in establishment and functioning of 21 federal states. Upon the independence Nigeria had three states; it was split into 12 states inand in 19 states in The Nigerian federalism is based on the strong centralized administration in the federal state and army, and the parallel fragmentation of the country in small states which may symbolize the emancipation of Nigerian ethnic groups.
The ethnic diversity of Nigerian society is reflected in the fact that the country has over identified ethnic groups. Three very large ethno-linguistic entities dominate: The Muslims comprise more then 50 per cent of the population, Christians account for about 35 per cent, while the balance of the population are animists.
General Directions of Cultural Policy The rights and various attempts of the people of Nigeria to develop their culture have been supported by both the civilian and military governments and have been given consideration in the Nigerian Constitution.
However, neither the systematized cultural policy, nor the set of main aims of cultural policies within the states have not been presented.Nigeria‟s foreign policy (Olusanya and Akindele, ).
Like Nigeria, the foreign policy objective of Japan is based on the fundamental principle of contributing to world peace and prosperity. The external security and intelligence activities of the NSO were centred around Nigeria's rising profile as an Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries (OPEC) member and how this affected the interests of foreign powers in Nigeria, also the NSO helped articulate the Nigerian government's foreign policy as it concerned Africa in the anti-colonial and .
The Mohammed - Obasanjo Regime ( - ); The hallmark of the Mohammed administration was typified by its dynamic foreign policy, prompt recognition of the MPLA regime in Angola.
Following nation-wide elections in , on multi-party basis, the new state and national legislatures met in October , and returned Nigeria. The Muhammad and Obasanjo Government. Nigeria Table of Contents. He was replaced by Olusegun Obasanjo, formerly his second in command.
General Obasanjo basically continued the policies and plans of the Muhammad regime. In the area of foreign policy, Murtala Muhammad pursued a vigorous policy that placed Africa at . Founded () Following the assassination of Nigerian military Head of State, General Murtala Mohammed in , his successor General Olusegun Obasanjo initiated the transition process to terminate military rule in A new constitution was drafted, which saw the Westminster system of government (previously used in the First Republic) jettisoned for an American-style Presidential system.
Foreign relations of Nigeria. Jump to navigation Jump to search 14 April See Mexico–Nigeria relations. Mexico has an embassy in Abuja. and cooperation on many important foreign policy goals, such as regional peacekeeping, has been good.