Methods Focus group interviews were conducted to determine the construct of the questionnaire. Content and face validity were assessed by a panel of experts. Inthe prevalence of diabetes in Malaysia was reported to be Diabetes mellitus impairs quality of life, including sexual health, causing reduced life satisfaction, diminished mood and poor relationship quality 2.
Do you find yourself feeling more moody and depressed during the winter months? As winter approaches and the hours of daylight get shorter, there is a corresponding increase in the incidence of depression and moodiness.
It often begins in the fall, continues throughout the winter, and may even last into early spring. The symptoms of SAD include: The diagnostic criteria for seasonal affective disorder were established by the American Psychiatric Association.
The exact cause of SAD is unknown, but it is thought to be a biological process in which at least three factors may play Questionnaire in sad significant part: The change of seasons can disrupt the balance of melatonin, which may result in more moodiness and depression. People who suffer from depression are known to have low levels of serotonin.
It is important to have a proper balance of both serotonin and norepinephrine. Check with your doctor before trying to increase just serotonin levels.
The first-line medical treatment for SAD is light therapy.
Other treatments include supplements like melatonin and vitamin D, high-density ionized air administration, and in some cases, antidepressant medication. Although SAD is definitely a biological process, cognitive-behavioral therapy can also be helpful to identify and change negative thoughts and behaviors that may be making you feel worse.
Whether or not you have an official diagnosis of SAD, if you find yourself feeling depressed and moody as winter approaches, here are some tools that may help you overcome those winter blues. In fact, light therapy is the most effective treatment found for SAD to date.
The majority of SAD patients seem to benefit most by using light therapy early in the morning, thus resetting their internal clocks early. However, just as people are different, internal clocks are also different.
Therefore, the best time for light therapy can vary greatly from one person to the next.
Of course, you may need to make some adjustments based on how your body responds. You can access the questionnaire here [ www. An excellent light to use for light therapy is the HappyLight — a small, compact light source that you can set on your desk or tabletop. Like the sun, it provides full-spectrum light, meaning it covers all wavelengths that are useful for plant and animal life.
Features of the HappyLight include:Seasonal affective disorder (SAD) is a seasonally recurrent type of major depression. This predictable aspect makes it promising for preventive treatment. However, evidence for the efficacy and harm of preventive treatment of SAD is scarce, as are recommendations from clinical practice guidelines.
The SAD Test is based on the diagnostic criteria of Seasonal Affective Disorder. This SAD self-test will help you find out whether you may have Seasonal Affective Disorder (SAD). The free SAD test is designed to make a preliminary assessment.
Beck's Depression Inventory This depression inventory can be self-scored. The scoring scale is at the end of the questionnaire. 1. 0 I do not feel sad. The Short Mood and Feelings Questionnaire (SMFQ-short), child version, is an 13 item subscale from a longer item questionnaire (the original MFQ).
The questions asked on the survey are based on the DSM-III criteria for depression; however the screening tool and rating scale should not be used as a measure to diagnose.
The Self-Assessment Questionnaire (SAQ) is a document that merchants are required to complete every year and submit to their Acquiring Bank. Taking the SAQ with us is the fastest way to find out what you need to do to become PCI compliant, with expert help at every stage along the way.
Take the CEN Questionnaire. Why is it Important to Know if You Have It? The way you are treated emotionally by your parents determines how you will treat yourself as an adult.
This has been proven over and over again in study after study. Emotion is an undeniable part of your biology. If you ignore your emotions, you will feel ignored on some.