Email this page Recreational Water Illnesses Germs in the places we swim can cause a variety of illnesses, including gastrointestinal, skin, ear, respiratory, eye, neurologic, and wound infections.
History[ edit ] Apothecary vessel for storage of opium as a pharmaceutical, Germany, 18th or 19th century The Mediterranean region contains the earliest archeological evidence of human use; the oldest known seeds date back to more than BCE in the Neolithic age  with purposes such as food, anaestheticsand ritual.
Evidence from ancient Greece indicates that opium was consumed in several ways, including inhalation of vapors, suppositories, medical poulticesand as a combination with hemlock for suicide. Widespread medical use of unprocessed opium continued through the American Civil War before giving way to morphine and its successors, which could be injected at a precisely controlled dosage.
Numerous finds of P. Opium production continued under the Babylonians and Egyptians. Opium was used with poison hemlock to put people quickly and painlessly to death, but it was also used in medicine.
Spongia somniferasponges soaked in opium, were used during surgery. By BCE, opium was cultivated on Cypruswhere surgical-quality knives were used to score the poppy pods, and opium was cultivated, traded, and smoked.
Poppies also frequently adorned statues of ApolloAsklepiosPlutoDemeterAphroditeKybele and Isissymbolizing nocturnal oblivion.
Some Muslims believe hadithssuch as in Sahih Bukhariprohibits every intoxicating substance, though the use of intoxicants in medicine has been widely permitted by scholars. The text lists medicinal effects of opium, such as analgesia, hypnosis, antitussive effects, gastrointestinal effects, cognitive effects, respiratory depression, neuromuscular disturbances, and sexual dysfunction.
It also refers to opium's potential as a poison.
Avicenna describes several methods of delivery and recommendations for doses of the drug. In the s, laudanum was recommended for pain, sleeplessness, and diarrhea by Thomas Sydenham the renowned "father of English medicine" or "English Hippocrates", to whom is attributed the quote, "Among the remedies which it has pleased Almighty God to give to man to relieve his sufferings, none is so universal and so efficacious as opium.
Subsequently, laudanum became the basis of many popular patent medicines of the 19th century. Compared to other chemicals available to 18th century regular physicians, opium was a benign alternative to the arsenics, mercuries, or emetics, and it was remarkably successful in alleviating a wide range of ailments.
Due to the constipation often produced by the consumption of opium, it was one of the most effective treatments for cholera, dysentery, and diarrhea. As a cough suppressant, opium was used to treat bronchitis, tuberculosis, and other respiratory illnesses. Opium was additionally prescribed for rheumatism and insomnia.
Due to its sedative and tranquilizing properties, it was used to quiet the minds of those with psychosis, help with people who were considered insane, and also to help treat patients with insomnia.
Betweenandopiate addicts lived in the United States in the late 19th century and between two-thirds and three-quarters of these addicts were women.
George Beard in proposed his theory of neurastheniaa hereditary nervous system deficiency that could predispose an individual to addiction.
Neurasthenia was increasingly tied in medical rhetoric to the "nervous exhaustion" suffered by many a white-collar worker in the increasingly hectic and industrialized U.
Recreational use in Europe, the Middle East and the US 11th to 19th centuries [ edit ] An artist's view of an Ottoman opium seller Soldiers returning home from the Crusades in the eleventh century brought opium with them.Recreational Water Illnesses Answers to frequently asked questions about recreational water illnesses.
Symptoms of Waterborne Illness. Waterborne illnesses can cause a variety of symptoms. While diarrhea and vomiting are the most commonly reported symptoms of waterborne illness, other symptoms can include skin, ear, respiratory, or eye.
This Special Issue aims to provide new information about health risks in treated recreational waters (e.g., pools and spas) or untreated waters (e.g., surface water, natural pools, and thermal springs), together with the need to update prevention strategies.
Free Essay: “Recreational water illnesses (RWIs) are caused by germs spread by swallowing, breathing in mists or aerosols of, or having contact with.
Having one fewer child is the most effective way an individual would have to fight climate change. The next best actions are selling your car, avoiding long flights, and eating a vegetarian diet, according to a study published in Environmental Research Letters.
“Recreational water illnesses (RWIs) are caused by germs spread by swallowing, breathing in mists or aerosols of, or having contact with contaminated water in swimming pools, hot tubs, water parks, water play areas, interactive fountains, lakes, rivers, or oceans.
RWIs can also be caused by. Recreational water illnesses (RWIs) are caused by germs and chemicals found in the water we swim in. They are spread by swallowing, breathing in mists or aerosols of, or having contact with contaminated water in swimming pools, hot tubs, water parks, water play areas, interactive fountains, lakes, rivers, or oceans.