Land Relief The land area of the state of Hawaii consists of the tops of a chain of emerged volcanic mountains that form 8 major islands and islets, stretching in a 1,mile 2,km crescent from Kure Island in the west to the island of Hawaii in the east. The eight major islands at the eastern end of the chain are, from west to east, NiihauKauaiOahuMolokaiLanaiKahoolaweMauiand Hawaii. Hawaii Volcanoes, coastlines, and relief of Hawaii, U. The highest Hawaiian mountains are Mauna Kea and Mauna Loaboth on the island of Hawaii, reaching 13, feet 4, metres and 13, feet 4, metres above sea levelrespectively.
The colonial powers brought imperialism with them to Hawaii, and with it, the production of sugar for exportation. This export in a short period of time became a central component of the Hawaiian economy, especially due to the exploitative nature in which the land and population were handled by imperial powers.
These events were a major turning point in Hawaiian history. In the early 19th century, sugarcane agriculture was very limited on the Hawaiian Islands. The plantations in Hawaii were unlike those that existed elsewhere in the world during that time, such as Jamaica, Cuba, Puerto Rico and Haiti.
The main difference was that Hawaiian plantation owners paid their laborers. Some plantation owners leased land from the King to harvest sugarcane, paying a flat rate each year. The plantation grew from only 25 staff in September of to by March of Male Chinese workers were often recruited to work in the mill with the Hawaiian natives.
Life on the Koloa Plantation involved labor for both male and female workers. Laborers were assigned to living quarters and allowed to take Fridays off to maintain their own food crops, and Saturdays for cooking and preparing meals.
The workers on the plantation were paid in the form of coupons which could be redeemed at the plantation store. The plantation was managed by twenty-six year old William Hooper, from Boston, Massachusetts. Hooper instilled a strong free labor system and a capitalist system on the Islands by creating a wage-earning labor force, as well as a consumer class that was dependent on a market of sugar exports.
Hooper is credited for helping set the pattern of good owner-worker relationships in Hawaii. His successful development and organization of the Koloa Plantation ensured that even after he departed the island inhis legacy and institutions would remain and flourish.
During the early years of sugar production, commerce between Hawaii and the United States was relatively limited. However, the California gold rush of the s would change that. The California gold rush had a significant impact on the Hawaiian economy because it increased settlement on the west coast of the United States, which led to rapid agricultural and plantation development in Hawaii.
American miners began sending their soiled laundry to Hawaii because it was less expensive than getting it laundered in the States. Mining companies began importing Hawaiian food, clothing, and other supplies from over the Pacific rather than haul them across the American interior.
With increased revenue to Hawaii came increased opportunity for sugar plantation owners to expand. Due to the increase of sugar production, this lead to a high demand for laborers to assist the farmers. This increase in sugar production corresponds almost perfectly with the California gold rush, which occurred during the years of As the California gold rush demonstrates, the success of the sugar industry in Hawaii was largely tied to events that occurred in America.
The American Civil War which began in is an example of this relationship. The Civil War largely spurred the sugar industry in Hawaii because the Union significantly reduced importing products from the Southern States.
Hawaii therefore gained new markets in the North, who sought sugar elsewhere. This demonstrates how the Hawaiian sugar industry was widely influenced by greater economic production in the United States. As the century progressed, many plantation owners some of whom were missionaries had become very wealthy and powerful.
Their influence on both the economy and religion of the island allowed them to manipulate the fledgling government.
Sugar plantation owners dominated the capitalist system, and this allowed for significant influence in both public and private spheres of society. Firstly, the growth of the sugar industry was the major phenomenon to stimulate population growth in the form of immigrant workers, and with these people came their respective cultures.
Secondly, the money brought into the island for sugar sales meant industrial development of the island, along with the many developments that come with wealth.
It is therefore likely that the sugar industry had a significant impact on Hawaiian lifestyle and culture. Another issue that resulted from the commercial production of sugar cane was the environmental impact it had on the island.By the end of the 19th century, commoners and chiefs had sold, lost, or given up their lands, with foreigners and large estates owning most non-government lands.
Lilikala Kame’eleihiwa () found the origins of the Mahele in the traditional duty of a king to undertake a redistribution of land and the difficulty of such an undertaking during. APUSH Unit 5. STUDY. PLAY. What major change took place during the 19th century in the teaching of medicine, architecture, engineering, and law?
American ties to Hawaii in the late 19th century were strengthened through all of the following except American. relations with the Hawaiian throne. What major factors contributed to the growth of industry in late nineteenth century America?
abundant large materials, a large and growing labor supply, a surge in technological innovation, a fed. gov. eager to assist the growth of business, and expanding domestic market.
Hawaii: Hawaii, constituent state of the United States of America.
It became the 50th U.S. state on August 21, Hawaii is a group of eight major volcanic islands and islets in the central Pacific Ocean. Hawaii’s capital is Honolulu, located on the island of Oahu. Protected by the Atlantic Ocean, its major foreign policy, as typified by the Monroe Doctrine, was to limit European attempts of further colonization of the Western Hemisphere.
Through the 19th century, America concentrated on creating a nation that spanned the continent, and it . APUSH Unit 5. STUDY. PLAY. What major change took place during the 19th century in the teaching of medicine, architecture, engineering, and law?
American ties to Hawaii in the late 19th century were strengthened through all of the following except American. relations with the Hawaiian throne.